Slovenský raj

Kód územia

SKCHVU053

Výmera územia

25239,920 ha

 

Dátum návrhu

01.10.2011

Dátum aktualizácie

26.10.2017

 

Územia na mape

Správca územia

Administration of NP Slovenský raj

tel:+421 53 442 20 10
+421 53 441 02 76
fax:+421 53 442 20 26
Slovak Republic
Spišská N. Ves
Štefánikovo námestie č. 9

Katastrálne územia

Betlanovce, Dedinky, Dobšiná, Hrabušice, Hranovnica, Kravany, Letanovce, Mlynky, Smižany, Spišská Nová Ves, Spišské Bystré, Spišské Tomášovce, Spišský Štiavnik, Stratená, Telgárt, Vernár

Súradnice stredu územia (WGS84)

Zemepisná šírka

48,92017139

Zemepiská dĺžka

20,34532287

Nadmorská výška (m)

Max

1545

Priemerná

853

Min

470

Biogeografický región

alpský región

Druhy, ktoré sú predmetom ochrany

Aquila chrysaetos, Aquila pomarina, Bonasa bonasia, Bubo bubo, Ciconia nigra, Dryocopus martius, Falco peregrinus, Glaucidium passerinum, Pernis apivorus, Picoides tridactylus, Picus canus, Strix uralensis, Tetrao tetrix, Tetrao urogallus

Popis územia

Carbonate rocks of the site gave an origin to distinctively karst landscape featuring all typical forms of so-called plateau karst such as sinkholes (more than 200), clints and grikes, widened V-shaped valleys, submersions, caves and abysses (more than 350). Karstic plateaux are mutually separated by epigenetic canyons of the Hornád and Hnilec Rivers, system of gorges and ravines noted for the plethora of various waterfalls (with the highest waterfall being more than 70 metres high), stream cascades and various rocky formations (crags, rocky towers and windows). Unique to the site is 22-km long system of Stratená Cave and Dobšiná Ice Cave that comprises 110. 000 m3 of ice not less than 26.5m thick (both caves have been inscribed into the UNESCO World Heritage List).

Ciele ochrany

The site is representative of a mountain range within the Western Carpathians truly unparalleled. It supports a great variety of extensive habitats of forest, rocky, meadow and wetland type in the situations of karst landscape. Local landscape features several remarkable topographic phenomena such as waterfall gorges and canyon structures. Vast stretches of natural and semi-natural forests, especially valuable of which are relic pinewoods, support exceptional biological diversity. The site also harbours well-preserved montane alderwoods and remnants of limestone beechwoods and beech-fir woods with typical attributes of natural forests. Meadow communities also display great richness and variety of species. Highest number of vascular plants per one square metre ever observed in Central Europe has been recorded (74 different species) nowhere else but in these communities. Owing to its karstic topography, the site is ample in various cave systems (more than 200) valuable as wintering grounds for several species of resident bats. The site has been designated a national park with its most valuable sections separately protected in the categories of national nature reserve, nature reserve and nature monument.

Zraniteľnosť

Thanks to its size, compactness and degree of naturalness, the site is to a great degree "resistant" to deleterious consequences of human impact. On-site introduction of the chamois population of alpine provenance has brought on considerable damage of rocky habitats. Status of local forest stands can negatively be impacted by outbreaks of bark beetle species spreading to the site from the adjacent spruce monocultures. Meadow habitats are partially endangered by the withdrawal of land from regular management.

Vlastníctvo

Vplyvy a aktivity v území a jeho kontaktnej zóne

Vyssia kategoria(kod - nazov) Nazov aktivity
A - poľnohospodárstvo  
  intenzifikácia poľnohospodárstva
B - lesníctvo  
  manažment lesa
G - ľudské vplyvy  
  outdoorové, športové a rekreačné aktivity
J - prirodzené zmeny systému  
  budovanie kanálov