Malina

Kód územia

SKUEV0219

Výmera územia

438,840 ha

 

Dátum návrhu

01.04.2004

Dátum aktualizácie

01.10.2012

 

Územia na mape

Správca územia

Administration of PLA Záhorie

tel:+421 34 772 27 35
fax:+421 34 772 27 35
Slovak Republic
Malacky
Vajanského ul. 17

Katastrálne územia

Bažantnica

Súradnice stredu územia (WGS84)

Zemepisná šírka

48,41527778

Zemepiská dĺžka

17,08888889

Nadmorská výška (m)

Max

208

Priemerná

189

Min

172

Biogeografický región

panonsky region

Biotopy, ktoré sú predmetom ochrany

  • 3150 - Prirodzené eutrofné a mezotrofné stojaté vody s vegetáciou plávajúcich a/alebo ponorených cievnatých rastlín typu Magnopotamion alebo Hydrocharition
  • 3260 - Nižinné až horské vodné toky s vegetáciou zväzu Ranunculion fluitantis a Callitricho-Batrachion
  • 3270 - Rieky s bahnitými až piesočnatými brehmi s vegetáciou zväzov Chenopodionrubri p.p. a Bidentition p.p.
  • 91E0 - Lužné vŕbovo-topoľové a jelšové lesy
  • 91G0 - Karpatské a panónske dubovo-hrabové lesy

Druhy, ktoré sú predmetom ochrany

Callimorpha quadripunctaria, Castor fiber, Cerambyx cerdo, Cobitis taenia, Cucujus cinnaberinus, Lucanus cervus, Misgurnus fossilis, Myotis emarginatus, Myotis myotis, Osmoderma eremita, Rhodeus sericeus amarus, Rhysodes sulcatus

Popis územia

The site covers the large interdune water spring depression formed by the water stream activity. It is a part of the geomorphological unit Záhorská nížina Lowland, subunit Borská nížina Lowland, part Bor. Geological basement is formed by the Neogene sediments. According to the Slovak phythogeographical categorization, the site belongs to the area of the Pannonian flora (area Pannonicum, part Eupannonicum, region Záhorská nížina Lowland). The following habitats of national importance are also present: pine-oak acidophilous forests, alder swamp forests, large sedge and Phalaris arundinacea beds, soft water springs, shallow-water floating communities and mire willow scrubs. Pine-oak acidophilous forests are developed on the top of the dunes with the more extreme habitat conditions, alder swamp forests are limited to the wet interdune parts. Within the forest habitats, all succession phases are developed (growth, optimum and decomposition). They support the presence of many rare and endangered flora and fauna species in the site. Percentage within biogeographic regions: Pannonic 99.992%, Alpine 0.008%

Ciele ochrany

The site represents a significant antropogenous habitat (fishponds) with the occurrence of rare and endangered species within the Záhorie region. Marginally, the alder swamps forests are also present in the site. Along the Malina water stream, the valuable habitats of lowland to montane water streams with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachiona communities are developed. The site is also important due to the presence of the invertebrate species of national importance (Mantis religiosa, Menephilus cylindricus, Oryctes nasicornis, Meloe proscarabeus, Calosoma sycophanta).

Zraniteľnosť

The site with a high level of vulnerability (forestry). Water regime is threatened especially by draining (existing network of the drainage canals) as well as a potential change of the water regime (i.e. further draining). Forest communities are threatened by clearcutting and the overall soil preparation after cutting (the whole soil profile including the roots remnants is piled up into mounds using heavy mechanisms).

Vlastníctvo

private - 0.547 % state - 99.454 %

Vplyvy a aktivity v území a jeho kontaktnej zóne

Vyssia kategoria(kod - nazov) Nazov aktivity
B - lesníctvo  
  odstránenie sušiny
D - doprava a komunikácie  
  cesty, rýchlostné komunikácie
  letisko
F - využívanie biologických zdrojov iných ako poľnohospodárstvo a lesníctvo  
  rekreačný rybolov
  poľovníctvo
  drancovanie floristických lokalít
G - ľudské vplyvy  
  pešia turistika, jazdectvo a bezmotorové zariadenia
I - invazívne alebo inak problematické druhy  
  druhové invázie
J - prirodzené zmeny systému  
  zmeny vo vodných tokoch, všeobecne

Ostatné druhy

Abdera affinis, Acrocephalus arundinaceus, Acrocephalus scirpaceus, Acrocephalus schoenobaenus, Agrilus auricollis, Ampedus (Ampedus) cardinalis, Ampedus (Ampedus) elongatulus, Anas acuta, Anas clypeata, Anas crecca, Anas penelope, Anas strepera, Anguis fragilis, Anisarthron barbipes, Anser albifrons, Anser anser, Anser fabalis, Anthaxia (Anthaxia) manca, Anthus campestris, Anthus spinoletta, Ardea purpurea, Aromia moschata moschata, Aythya ferina, Aythya fuligula, Aythya nyroca, Bothrideres contractus, Brachygonus megerlei, Bucephala clangula, Bufo bufo, Bufo viridis, Buteo lagopus, Calosoma sycophanta, Carduelis flammea, Ceratophyllum submersum, Cetonischema aeruginosa, Circus cyaneus, Circus pygargus, Combocerus glaber, Coraebus undatus, Corticeus (Paraphloeus) fraxini, Corticeus (Paraphloeus) longulus, Corticeus (Paraphloeus) pini, Corvus frugilegus, Corvus monedula, Cygnus olor, Diaclina fagi, Dicerca (Dicerca) alni, Dromaeolus barnabita, Egretta alba, Elater ferrugineus ferrugineus, Emberiza schoeniclus, Eptesicus serotinus, Ergates faber faber, Erinaceus concolor, Esox lucius, Eupotosia affinis, Falco cherrug, Fulica atra, Gallinago gallinago, Hedobia pubescens, Helix pomatia, Hipparchia alcyone, Hipparchia semele, Hottonia palustris, Hyla arborea, Hylurgus ligniperda, Hymenophorus doublieri, Hypulus quercinus, Chalcophora mariana, Chlidonias niger, Iphiclides podalirius, Isorhipis marmottani, Ixobrychus minutus, Lacerta agilis, Lacon (Lacon) querceus, Lamia textor, Larus argentatus, Larus canus, Larus ridibundus, Leuciscus cephalus, Liocola lugubris, Locustella luscinioides, Locustella naevia, Maculinea arion, Mantis religiosa, Martes martes, Melanophila formaneki formaneki, Meles meles, Meloe proscarabeus, Menephilus cylindricus, Mergus albellus, Molinia caerulea, Motacilla flava, Myotis brandtii, Myotis daubentonii, Myotis mystacinus, Natrix natrix, Natrix tessellata, Netta rufina, Numenius arquata, Nuphar lutea, Nyctalus leisleri, Nyctalus noctula, Nymphaea alba, Oenanthe oenanthe, Omophron limbatum, Orthomicus longicollis, Oryctes nasicornis, Pandion haliaetus, Panurus biarmicus, Perdix perdix, Pipistrellus nathusii, Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Podiceps cristatus, Podiceps grisegena, Podiceps nigricollis, Potosia cuprea metallica, Potosia cuprea obscura, Potosia fieberi, Prionus coriarius, Pycnomerus (Pycnomerus) tenebrans, Rana arvalis, Rana dalmatina, Rana kl. esculenta, Rana lessonae, Rana ridibunda, Riparia riparia, Saperda (Saperda) perforata, Saturnia pyri, Saxicola torquatus, Sciurus vulgaris, Stenagostus rufus, Streptopelia decaocto, Sympetrum danae, Tachybaptus ruficollis, Tinca tinca, Tringa erythropus, Tringa nebularia, Tringa ochropus, Tringa totanus, Trox eversmannii, Turdus iliacus, Viola palustris